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Pneumatic Control Valves

From DT Online

2PortValve.jpg


Description

Valves control the switching and routing of the air in a pneumatic system. From studying the operation of cylinders, you may have already worked out that valves not only have to control the flow of compressed air, they also have to control the flow of exhaust air to the atmosphere. There are two main types of valves used in pneumatic switching circuits, the 3/2 valve and the 5/2 valve.


Features and Applications
Pneumatics3-2valve.jpg

The 3/2 valve is used to control items such as single acting cylinders which have a single input. The input to the cylinder is connected to port 2, the air supply to port 1 and port 3 is allowed to exhaust to atmosphere.

The number 3 signifies that the valve has three ports, whilst the number 2 signifies that the valve has 2 directions or states.

3pcyl.gif
Pneumatics5-2valve.jpg

The 5/2 valve is used to control items such as double acting cylinders which have two inputs. The inputs to the cylinder are connected to ports 2 and 4, the air supply to port 1. Ports 3 and 5 are allowed to exhaust to atmosphere.

The number 5 signifies that the valve has five ports, whilst the number 2 signifies that the valve has 2 directions or states.

5pcyl.gif


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