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Gears

From DT Online

GearsAbstract.jpg


Description

Gears (or 'cogs') are wheels whose perimeter is made up of evenly sized and spaced teeth. The teeth of one gear mesh with those of an adjoining one and transmit rotary motion between the two gears.


A gear will always rotate in an opposite direction to the gear it meshes with.


Uses

If both gears have the same number of teeth, they will rotate at the same speed, however if they have different numbers of teeth then the gear with fewer teeth will rotate more quickly - i.e. the Velocity Ratio (or ‘Gear Ratio’) of a pair of meshing gears is given as the Number of Teeth of the Driver Gear divided by the Number of Teeth of the Driven Gear.


The Mechanical Advantage (or ‘Torque Ratio’) similarly is given as No. of Teeth on Driven divided by No. of Teeth on Driver.


DT Online Buyers' Guide
  • Gears, whether of the same size or different diameters, will only Mesh together if the size of the teeth are the same.
  • The size of Gear Teeth is measured along the circumference of an imaginery Pitch Circle but is more easily calculated by dividing the diameter of the Pitch Circle by the number of gear teeth.
  • The Gear Teeth size is known as the Modulus or Module (m) and it must be the same for any meshing gears.
  • Always check this before purchase - contact supplier if not stated.

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More on Gears

Pages in category ‘Gears’

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Media in category ‘Gears’

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