From DT Online



Files are abrading tools used to remove small amounts of metal and plastics. The teeth of a file are known as the ‘cut’ and are created by a ‘single cut’ across the file blade or a ‘double cut’ which creates diamond shaped teeth. Common ‘cuts’ of files are graded as smooth, second cut and bastard cut.

Using Files
  • Grip the file with both hands, file close to the vice and always try to arrange the work such that filing is done horizontally as shown. File at and angle and change stance and direction of filing from time to time such that the file marks left previously can easily be seen - this will help improve accuracy by guiding further filing. The aim should be to progress along the full length to be filed with each full stroke of the file.
  • Draw Filing is done by holding a file with one hand each end across the edge of material and drawing it backwards and forwards to smooth out file marks.
  • When filing convex curves the file should rolled around an imaginary opposite curve as shown
Filing.png DrawFiling.png FilingCurves.png

DT Online Buyers' Guide
Bahco 47708 File Set (5 Pieces) Professional 6 Piece Warding File Set Bearing Steel WW203 TTT KS Tools 140.3050 Needle files set, 12pcs, 145mm Files Dreadnought File Tanged Flat 2 Milled Edge Curved 9tpi 250mm (10in) FILDTF2ME910 Files Millenicut File Tanged/hand/2 Milled Edge Straight 18tpi 250mm (10in) FILMTH2ME181 Python Safety File Handle No.1 (6-10in Files) PYTFH1 Lessman Steel File Cleaning Brush Riffler File Set 10 Piece Silverline MS104 Rasp Set, 3-Piece 200 mm Toolzone 8Pc Rifler Wood Rasp Set Stanley Metal Body Surform Flat File 5 21 295 Stanley Hand Tools 14-.25in. Surform Round File 21-297