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Riveting

From DT Online

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Description

Rivets (aka Rivits) have various designs of head at one end and are used to fasten materials together by being passed through a punched or drilled hole and hammered over (usually) to form a head on the reverse side. They are available in several materials and sizes, can be solid or hollow and specialised designs also exist (e.g. ‘Pop’ Rivets).


Solid Riveting Process
  1. Rivets are first passed through the punched or drilled holes then, with head supported on a hard surface, a hollow tool with a hole equal to the Rivet diameter is struck down over it to squeeze, or Set, the pieces of material together
  2. The tool, or Rivet Set, is removed and using a hammer, the Rivet is first struck square on to thicken it inside the holes
  3. The the head is formed by hammering over.
  4. The completed riveted joint.


'Pop' Riveting
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Known also as Blind Rivets provide a means of joining materials working from one side only (i.e. ‘blind)’. This makes 'Pop' Riveting extremely useful for joining tubes and other hollow structures.

  • The Mandrel running through the centre of the hollow rivet is gripped by either 'Pop' Riveting Pliers or Tongs and inserted into the pre-drilled hole of the workpiece.
  • As the pliers or tongs are squeezed, the head of the Mandrel is pulled up through the rivet, which swells the ‘blind’ side of the rivet and causes the plates to be squeezed together.
  • Once a pre-determined Tension is reached the stem of the Mandrel snaps leaving the head locked into the ‘blind’ side of the rivet .
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Some plastics, such as Acrylic, are very Brittle and would normally shatter as the thickening 'Pop' Rivet exerts Tensile forces on the inside of the hole.


To avoid this, holes for 'Pop' Riveting plastics are drilled over-size and Backing Washers or plates of some kind are added such that the two pieces of plastics are exposed only to Compressive forces as they are squeezed together.


This technique was used to construct canopies of Spitfires for example where ‘Perspex’ pieces were joined together by 'Pop' Riveting aluminium strips either side.


Note: Where several Rivets are to be used to form a joint, it is important to drill through both parts just once initially, and this hole riveted before drilling through and riveting any further holes. This is because it is most unlikely that drilling separately would position the holes accurately enough.



DT Online Buyers' Guide
1/4 Metal Elements Solid Brass 1/4 Inch Nail Head Rivets 1.3mm Diameter (100) 200 Pcs 1/8 1/8 1/16 1/16 RDGTOOLS 1/4 Priory 103 Rivet Set (Set-up & Snap) 3/16 in PRI103316 Priory 103 Rivet Set (Set-up & Snap) 1/8 in PRI10318
1/4" x 1" long. Steel round head Rivets (15 off) Solid Brass 1/4 Inch Nail Head Rivets 1.3mm Dia, (100) 200 Pcs 1/8" x 5/16" Aluminium Round Head Solid Rivets 1/8" x 1/2" long. Domed head Brass Rivets. (20 off) 1/16" x 1/2" long Brass Dome Head Rivets. (100 off) 1/16" x 1/2" long Copper Dome Head Rivets. (100 off) RDGTOOLS 1/4" rivet snap Priory 103 Rivet Set (Set-up & Snap) 3/16 in PRI103316 Priory 103 Rivet Set (Set-up & Snap) 1/8 in PRI10318
DT Online Buyers' Guide
200pcs M3x5 Through Hole Rivets Hollow Grommets PCB Circuit Board 200 Pcs M6 x 10mm Aluminum Flat Head Semi-Tubular Rivets Silver Tone Bifurcated Rivets Electro Brassed 3/8-inch (15g) (Product Code - U-B0753B) Split Rivets 8mm. Pack of 80. Heytec Heyco 01261001000 Threaded Rivet Set in Box Rexel Eyelets Punching Bolts Brass with a 4.7mm Diameter and 5.5mm Length (Sheet Capacity 30, Pack of 500) Sealey AK39602 Rivet and Threaded Nut Rivet Kit Am Tech Tarpaulin Repair Kit Includes 30 Rust Proof Brass Coated Eyelets And 3 Punches
200pcs M3x5 Through Hole Rivets Hollow Grommets PCB Circuit Board 200 Pcs M6 x 10mm Aluminum Flat Head Semi-Tubular Rivets Silver Tone Bifurcated Rivets Electro Brassed 3/8-inch (15g) (Product Code - U-B0753B) Split Rivets 8mm. Pack of 80. Heytec Heyco 01261001000 Threaded Rivet Set in Box Rexel Eyelets Punching Bolts Brass with a 4.7mm Diameter and 5.5mm Length (Sheet Capacity 30, Pack of 500) Sealey AK39602 Rivet and Threaded Nut Rivet Kit Am Tech Tarpaulin Repair Kit Includes 30 Rust Proof Brass Coated Eyelets And 3 Punches