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Difference between revisions of "Longship from A3 card"

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=====Making a Model Longship=====
 
=====Making a Model Longship=====
  
Making models of historic building and objects is a good way to understand them and remember what has been learned - it is also good fun! A display model of a '''Viking Longship''' can be made using '''[[Paper and Card|Card]]''' and '''[[Stripwood Technology Materials|Stripwood Materials]]'''.
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A good size model Longship can be made from a single sheet of A3 '''[[Paper and Card|Medium Card]]'''.
  
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'''Avantages:'''
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* The shape of the hull, the figurehead and the tail can all be cut together;
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* The sides may be cut separately with scissors or together by folding the card first;
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'''Disadvantages:'''
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* Stronger scissors may be needed if cutting through both thicknesses of card together
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* The '''Hull''' will either need to be covered with plastic packaging tape, or plastic laminated 'shiny' card used, to make it water-resitant.
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* It will need a support stand to display it.
  
[[File:LongshipDims.png|300px|right|Model Longship dimensions]]
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[[File:VikingBottleBoatLayout.png|300px|right|Model Longship dimensions]]
 
=====Marking out the hull shape=====
 
=====Marking out the hull shape=====
  
The model described is based around a sheet of '''[[Paper and Card|A3 Card]]''' and 8mm square '''[[Stripwood Technology Materials|Stripwood]]'''.
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The model described is based around a sheet of '''[[Paper and Card|A3 Card]]''' and 10mm square '''[[Stripwood Technology Materials|Stripwood]]''' (some dimensions will need to be adjusted if 8mm square is used).
* Start by designing the shape of the '''Hull''' and transfer on to '''[[Paper and Card|A3 Card]]''' in Landscape orientation as shown ''(click to enlarge)'';
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* Start by designing the shape of the '''Hull''' and transfer on to '''[[Paper and Card|A3 Card]]''' in Landscape orientation as shown ''(click on image to enlarge)'';
* The '''Figure Head''' can be kept simple or used as a design activity in itself - the object is to create a ''''Dragon Head''' profile;
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* The '''Figurehead''' can be kept simple or used as a design activity in itself - the object is to create a ''''Dragon Head''' profile;
* Cut two out of '''[[Paper and Card|Thick Card]]'''.
 
  
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=====Making the hull=====
  
=====Assembling the hull=====
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[[File:FoldedLongshipA.png|800px|center|Viking Longship hull assembly]]
 
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* Cut two hull shapes out of '''[[Paper and Card|Medium Card]]''' either separately or by folding the card in two first ''(it might be difficult to cut together)''.
[[File:LongshipHullAssy.png|600px|right|Viking Longship hull assembly]]
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[[File:FoldedLongshipB.png|800px|center|Viking Longship hull assembly]]
* Construct a '''Deck Frame''' to separate the two Hull sides using 8mm square '''[[Stripwood Technology Materials|Stripwood]]''' and reinforce with '''[[Paper and Card|Medium Card]]''' triangles;
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* Construct a '''Deck Frame''' to separate the two Hull sides using 10mm square '''[[Stripwood Technology Materials|Stripwood]]''' and reinforce with '''[[Paper and Card|Medium Card]]''' triangles;
 
* Glue the two hull sides to the '''Deck Frame''' and leave to dry;
 
* Glue the two hull sides to the '''Deck Frame''' and leave to dry;
* Pull the two ends together and temporarily hold with '''[[Adhesive Tapes|Masking Tape]]''';
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[[File:FoldedLongshipC.png|800px|center|Viking Longship hull assembly]]
* Lay the part-assembled '''Hull''' over a sheet of '''[[Paper and Card|Medium Card]]''' rolling it as needed and trace round the shapes required to fill in between the '''Hull''' sides at each end;
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* Pull the two ends together and temporarily hold with '''[[Adhesive Tapes|Masking Tape]]''', '''[[Stripwood_Technology_Tools|Pegs or Clips]]''';
* The '''[[Paper and Card|Medium Card]]''' shapes can simply be glued on to the '''[[Paper and Card|Thick Card]]''' '''Hull''' sides by running a bead of glue round the inside of the join and tape in position until the glue dries;
 
* Alternatively add '''[[Packaging Features|Glue Tabs]]''' to the '''[[Paper and Card|Medium Card]]''' shapes or first glue a length of '''Art Straw''' or '''Drinking Straw''' along the joining edge of the '''Hull''' sides to provide a joint surface.
 
[[File:LongshipSailFix.png|300px|right|Viking Longship with sail and shields ]]
 
 
 
  
 
=====Completing the Longship=====
 
=====Completing the Longship=====

Revision as of 17:34, 18 November 2019

Viking Longship from A3 card


Description

Longships were long elegant craft used by The Vikings to cross the North Sea, first on raiding missions and later to explore and settle in Engand, Ireland, Iceland and beyond. They were a wooden construction with a shallow Draft which meant they could be rowed up shallow rivers as well as across the sea, powered by oars and their large square woollen sail. They could also land on beaches and were light enough to be carried when necessary and tipped upside down to use as a temporary shelter.


Making a Model Longship

A good size model Longship can be made from a single sheet of A3 Medium Card.

Avantages:

  • The shape of the hull, the figurehead and the tail can all be cut together;
  • The sides may be cut separately with scissors or together by folding the card first;

Disadvantages:

  • Stronger scissors may be needed if cutting through both thicknesses of card together
  • The Hull will either need to be covered with plastic packaging tape, or plastic laminated 'shiny' card used, to make it water-resitant.
  • It will need a support stand to display it.


Model Longship dimensions
Marking out the hull shape

The model described is based around a sheet of A3 Card and 10mm square Stripwood (some dimensions will need to be adjusted if 8mm square is used).

  • Start by designing the shape of the Hull and transfer on to A3 Card in Landscape orientation as shown (click on image to enlarge);
  • The Figurehead can be kept simple or used as a design activity in itself - the object is to create a 'Dragon Head profile;
Making the hull
Viking Longship hull assembly
  • Cut two hull shapes out of Medium Card either separately or by folding the card in two first (it might be difficult to cut together).
Viking Longship hull assembly
  • Construct a Deck Frame to separate the two Hull sides using 10mm square Stripwood and reinforce with Medium Card triangles;
  • Glue the two hull sides to the Deck Frame and leave to dry;
Viking Longship hull assembly
Completing the Longship
  • Add a Mast by 'stepping' a length of Dowel into a MDF or Ply Disc and glue to the Deck Frame;
  • Add a Main Spar by fixing a length of Dowel across the top of the Mast either by lashing with string and glue or by cutting two holes at right angles into a short length of PVC Tubing;
  • Make a Sail out of Thin Card, paint as required and glue along the Main Spar;
  • Design and paint Viking Shields on MDF, Ply or Card Discs and glue along the sides of the Hull;
  • Add Oars made by squashing the end of Art Straws or Drinking Straws.


DT Online Buyers' Guide

Notes:

  • MDF Discs which are pre-drilled are most useful if available, otherwise this might be done as preparation before using with younger children - alternatively a Hand Drill Stand could be used (if neccessary, adults or older children can cut them out of strips of MDF or Ply using a Holesaw).
  • Dowels 4mm, 5mm, and 6mm are useful sizes for axles.
  • Florist Wire is easily bent into shape whereas stiff wire, such as Brass Brazing Rod, is more suitable for connecting rods.


MDF and Ply Discs Wood Dowel Rod Wooden Clothes Pegs Wooden Matchsticks for Craft Wooden Lolly Sticks for Craft Wooden Cocktail Sticks and Skewers for Craft Unpainted Wooden Beads Polystyrene Balls Florists Wire Brazing Rod
MDF and ply discs Wood Dowel Rod Wooden Clothes Pegs Wooden Matchsticks for Craft Wooden Lolly Sticks for Craft Wooden Cocktail Sticks and Skewers for Craft Unpainted Wooden Beads Polystyrene Balls Florists Wire Brazing Rod
Cotton Reels Wooden Spools Copper Foil Tape PVC Tube Assorted Cable Ties Hook and Loop Stick On Tape Coloured Card for Craft Greyboard Cotton String Elastic Bands
Cotton Reels Wooden Spools Copper Foil Tape PVC Tube Assorted Cable Ties Hook and Loop Stick On Tape Coloured Card for Craft Greyboard Cotton String Elastic Bands