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Stripwood Technology Materials

From DT Online

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Introduction
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Plain, unpainted or unvarnished wood and card have a porous surface, which is easily coloured with water based paints or dyes and glued using safe, non-solvent based adhesives such as PVA.


Used cartons can be turned inside out and resealed with double-side adhesive tape or a Glue Gun such that their plain card inner surface is revealed.


"Shiny" surfaces, such as plastics, foils and metals can be glued using solvent-based or hot-melt adhesives or joined mechanically (e.g. using screws or cable ties)


Wood Based
Stripwood Thin strips of Softwood or Jelutong, most commonly 8mm square but also 10mm and 12mm square, provide an easy to cut and glue material for modelling (e.g. using a Junior Hacksaw and PVA).


An assortment of other small sections of Softwood or Jelutong should also be on hand (e.g. for packing or solving a particular structures application)

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MDF or Ply Discs. An assortment of discs, between 20mm and 80mm diameter, cut from 6mm thick MDF or Ply, each pre-drilled with a 4.5mm hole, provides the basis of most wheels and pulleys used. They can be purchased ready-made or cut from sheet using a Hole Saw.

Note: This is most easily done if the sheet is first prepared into strips slightly wider than the required diameter.


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Wooden Clothes Pegs Plain wooden spring type clothes pegs can be glued on to structures using PVA to provide a good anchorage for bearings and axles
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Dowel Plain wooden dowel, 4.5mm diameter, is used for axles but 6mm, 8mm and other larger sizes can also be useful. The end of dowel can be chamfered with a pencil sharpener to make it easier to fit wheels on, for example.
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Matchsticks Plain softwood matchsticks can be glued with PVA around card discs to create simple Peg and Cage Gears for example.
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Lolly Sticks Plain wooden sticks can be glued with PVA for general construction detail and also larger Peg Gears
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Wooden Beads Large wooden beads can, perhaps surprisingly, also be used as pulleys if using a wide elastic band. Nineteenth century factories powered their machines from a single engine driving a Line Shaft on which were arranged pulleys over each machine. The pulleys were slightly "barrel-shaped" such that the wide leather belts connecting them to the machines below, always ride to the high centre and stay on the pulleys.
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Card Based
Card Discs An assortment of medium card discs, between 20mm and 80mm diameter, provide flanges for pulleys and the basis for setting out any radial structure (e.g. for simple Peg Gears)
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Thick Card Thick card needs to be cut with a Craft Knife and so is best presented to very young children in the form of an assortment of pre-cut rectangles from which they make a choice. For older children pre-cut strips or varying widths can be offered for them to choose from and decide on the length to cut.
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Card Triangles and Squares These are cut out from medium card, Triangles can be used as Gussets to join together pieces of Stripwood by brushing on PVA glue. Squares can be punched with a neat hole to make a Knife Edge Bearing. A useful size is 30mm x 30mm which can most easily be marked out using the width of a wooden ruler as a guide.
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Plastics Based
PVC Tubing Select two sizes: one which is a tight fit on dowel axles to make end caps to stop loose wheels falling off; and one which is loose fitting to make short spacers so that wheels do not rub against chassis members for example.
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Plastics Tubing Rigid plastics tube (e.g. made from Acrylic) can be purchased but old Felt-Tip Pens can be disassembled and the outer casing cut to length using a Junior Hacksaw. Short pieces can be used as bearings or axle spacers.

Note: To avoid making a mess use only water based pens!


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Cotton Reels Traditional plain wooden cotton bobbins can be glued using PVA but these are hard to find. Modern plastics cotton reels need to be fixed with solvent-based adhesives or a Glue Gun. They are a loose fit on 6mm diameter dowel and useful for spacers or pulleys in addition to general construction detail.
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Components
Cable Ties Also known as Tie Wraps these are available in several sizes and provide a good firm fixing (e.g. for electric motors).
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Elastic Bands When used as drive belts, choose narrow ones for grooved Pulleys made from card and MDF dscs. Wide elastic bands can be used as drive belts in conjunction with rounded beads. Elastic Bands provide also a quick assembly method for Bamboo Cane Structures
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Velcro Self-adhesive hook and loop fastenings provide a quick and easy way to mount batteries or locate interchangeable parts of a model.
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Paper Clips Unpainted Paper Clips can be used to connect battery leads to copper tape circuits or the connecting link in simple switches made with Paper Fasteners or Drawing PIns.
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Paper Fasteners These can be placed through punched holes and used to make switches and contact points when building copper tape circuits on card.
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Drawing PIns Also known as Thumb Tacks brass Drawing Pins can be used to make switches and contact points when building copper tape circuits on a softwood, insulation boards or corrugated plastics base.
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Eyelets Brass Eyelets can provide bearings for card axle holders or join one side of a card-based copper tape circuit to the other. Eyelets can be inserted with Eyelet Pliers or use of a Eyelet Punch and Die.
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Electrics
Battery Holders and Clips A single battery cell is 1.5 volts so, in some cases, batteries need to be linked together in a Battery Holder to achieve a suitable voltage for working models (e.g. 4.5 or 6 volts). Some batteries link cells together internally to provide a higher voltage output (e.g PP3 batteries produce 9 volts) and for these, Battery Clips can be used to connect them to circuits.
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Jumper Leads Also known as Test Leads, these short leads have a Crocodile Clip at each end making them useful for quickly connecting together electrical components to complete a circuit.
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Crocodile Clips These spring loaded clips can be used to make test leads or to connect batteries to circuits.
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Wire Insulated copper wire is needed to join components together. Stranded wire is the more flexible but single core wire may be easier to use in some instances.
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Copper Tape Self-adhesive Copper Tape provides a good way to create a circuit on paper of card - print off the circuit diagram, tape over the lines then staple components in place.

Note: If Copper Tape tracks cross over each other, the adhesive may prevent an electrical connection between them - which may be a good or a bad thing!


Circuits can be completed using Paper Clips and Paper Fasteners or Drawing Pins to make switches and connections

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Bulbs and Bulb Holders Low voltage bulbs in holders provide the simplest way to see if a circuit is working and can provide lighting effects for model fairgrounds and houses for example. The more common plastic holders will need connecting wires to the circuit but others are available which can be connected directly on to the circuit tracks (e.g. by paper fasteners, staples, conductive glue or solder)
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Model Electric Motors Small model D.C. motors can be used to power model vehicles and fairground rides for example. Depending on their size, it may be possible to mount them using plumbers' pipe clips or Terry Clips but more usually, they can be arranged to straddle two Stripwood bearers, then fixed with a Cable Tie or glued using a Glue Gun
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LEDs Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) use very little electricity and are available in a range of colours making them extremely useful for modelling. A disadvantage is that they are not as easy to use as Bulbs because:
  1. they need to placed the right way round in a circuit (i.e. there is a positive and a negative side to them)
  2. they need to have the amount of electricity they receive controlled otherwise they burn out - this is done by placing a Resistor in the circuit.
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Resistors Resistors can be thought of a little like a tap and they can be used to limit the amount of electricity (i.e. Current)) flowing through a circuit. Resistance is measured in Ohms and a suitable size Resistor for Stripwood Technology is 470 ohms (i.e. 470Ω). The size of a Resistor is shown by its Colour Code - a 470Ω Resistor has Yellow, Violet and Brown stripes as shown (click on images to enlarge). For more advanced work, Ohm's Law can be used to calculate an appropriate size
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Materials
DT Online Buyers' Guide
MDF wheel 32mm disc pkt 100 100 Pack of 5mm Hardwood Wooden Dowels - 60cm Long Elliott 36-Piece Medium Wooden Hardwood Clothes Pegs Natural Matchsticks (Pack of 2000) 100 Plain Wooden Standard Lolly Sticks Giant Lollipop Sticks Natural Wood (Pack of 100) Playbox 25mm Unpainted Round Wooden Beads (50 Pieces) 5 x Richard Burbidge Decorative Wood Stripwood - Pine - 900 x 8 x 8mm
MDF wheel 32mm disc pkt 100 100 Pack of 5mm Hardwood Wooden Dowels - 60cm Long Elliott 36-Piece Medium Wooden Hardwood Clothes Pegs Natural Matchsticks (Pack of 2000) 100 Plain Wooden Standard Lolly Sticks Giant Lollipop Sticks Natural Wood (Pack of 100) Playbox 25mm Unpainted Round Wooden Beads (50 Pieces) 5 x Richard Burbidge Decorative Wood Stripwood - Pine - 900 x 8 x 8mm
Cotton Reels - Pack of 100 Creation Station Assorted Sizes Wooden Spools , Natural , Pack of 60 RHX High Quality Practical 1 Roll Single Conductive Copper Foil Tape 5MM X 30M Hot PVC Tube 6mm Internal Diameter 1/4 4mm ID x 6mm OD Clear PVC Tubing Pipe Hose 5 Metres Am-Tech Assorted Cable Tie (500 Pieces) VELCRO Brand Stick On Tape - 20 mm x 1 m, Black
Cotton Reels - Pack of 100 Creation Station Assorted Sizes Wooden Spools , Natural , Pack of 60 RHX High Quality Practical 1 Roll Single Conductive Copper Foil Tape 5MM X 30M Hot PVC Tube 6mm Internal Diameter 1/4" ( 1M ) 4mm ID x 6mm OD Clear PVC Tubing Pipe Hose 5 Metres Am-Tech Assorted Cable Tie (500 Pieces) VELCRO Brand Stick On Tape - 20 mm x 1 m, Black
Components
DT Online Buyers' Guide
Assorted Elastic bands 70gms Paper fasteners brass x 40 5 Star Brassed Drawing Pins of 11mm Head Diameter [Pack of 150] 5 Star Paperclips Metal Large 33mm Plain [Pack of 100] Spiratronics Batten Lampholder 2 Pack + 2x 3V Bulbs 6300-23000RPM 3-6V High Torque Magnetic Electric Mini DC Motor 2Pcs Black 4 x 1.5V AA Battery Holder Storage Case Box w Wire Leads
Assorted Elastic bands 70gms Paper fasteners brass x 40 5 Star Brassed Drawing Pins of 11mm Head Diameter [Pack of 150] 5 Star Paperclips Metal Large 33mm Plain [Pack of 100] Spiratronics Batten Lampholder 2 Pack + 2x 3V Bulbs 6300-23000RPM 3-6V High Torque Magnetic Electric Mini DC Motor 2Pcs Black 4 x 1.5V AA Battery Holder Storage Case Box w Wire Leads
SODIAL(R) 5 Pcs I Type 9V 9 Volt Battery Clip Connectors Buckle Cable 10 Pcs Colorful Double Ended Alligator Clips Test Lead Jumper Wires SODIAL (R)10 Pairs Insulated Covers Nickel-plated Steel Crocodile Clips--Black and Red 50 Ultra Bright 5mm LEDs Emitting 100 Pcs Through Hole Resistors 470 Ohm 2W 5% Carbon Film 10M Black 1mm 16Amp 12v Automotive Cable Wire Marine 10M Red 1mm 16Amp 12v Automotive Cable Wire Marine
SODIAL(R) 5 Pcs I Type 9V 9 Volt Battery Clip Connectors Buckle Cable 10 Pcs Colorful Double Ended Alligator Clips Test Lead Jumper Wires SODIAL (R)10 Pairs Insulated Covers Nickel-plated Steel Crocodile Clips--Black and Red 50 Ultra Bright 5mm LEDs Emitting 100 Pcs Through Hole Resistors 470 Ohm 2W 5% Carbon Film 10M Black 1mm 16Amp 12v Automotive Cable Wire Marine 10M Red 1mm 16Amp 12v Automotive Cable Wire Marine