Actions

Catapult

From DT Online

Trebuchet


Introduction

Catapult type weapons have existed in so many different forms that Catapult can be regarded as a category rather than a particular Siege Weapon. The Chinese, during the Tang Dynasty (618AD–907AD) developed a Carroballista, which was a large Crossbow (i.e. Ballista) mounted on a wheeled cart.


The word Catapult comes from the two Greek words "kata" (downward or against) and "pultos" (a small circular battle shield). Katapultos was then taken to mean "shield piercer". The Greek Catapult (Katapeltikon) was developed in the 4th century BC. At first they were used to launch arrows and darts but in the reign of Alexander the Great, stone-throwing Catapults were introduced.


The Romans adopted these weapons during the Punic Wars (264BC to 146BC) and further developed them, before introducing the new arrow-firing Ballista and stone-throwing Onager.


There were two broad types of artillery in the Ancient World. Tension devices derived their power from bending a bow-shaped structure and Torsion artillery relied on twisting loops of rope, horse hair or sinew. The Romans referred to Torsion Siege Engines as Tormentum and often used this term to describe Siege Weapons of various kinds.


Activity: Find out about Roman Siege Equipment (e.g. Vinea, Pluteus, Mantelet, Testudo (model), Musculus, Helepolis, Turris, Corvus, Ballista (aka Scorpion), Onager, Aries (Battering Ram) and construct a working model or models using Stripwood Technology.


DT Online Buyers' Guide

Safety Point! Take great care with hot glue guns and all hot-melt glues. The melted glue can stick to the skin and cause severe burns.


Bosch PKP 18 E Glue Gun House of Card & Paper A4 220 gsm Card - Assorted Bright (Pack of 100 Sheets) MyTinyWorld Dolls House Miniature Old Herringbone Brick Pattern Cladding 4 PVA Glue Washable Adhesive School Home Crafts Non Toxic Wood Paper Fabric Art Rexel S120 Single Hole Plier Punch 80gsm Black MDF wheel 25mm disc pkt 100 100 Pack of 5mm Hardwood Wooden Dowels - 60cm Long Elliott 36-Piece Medium Wooden Hardwood Clothes Pegs 5 x Richard Burbidge Decorative Wood Stripwood - Pine - 900 x 8 x 8mm Stanley Junior Hacksaw 0 15 218 Draper 14145 55 mm Clamp-On Hobby Bench Vice
Bosch PKP 18 E Glue Gun House of Card & Paper A4 220 gsm Card - Assorted Bright (Pack of 100 Sheets) Old Herringbone Brick Pattern Cladding (roofing, stone, and many other patterns available) 4 PVA Glue Washable Adhesive School Home Crafts Non Toxic Wood Paper Fabric Art Rexel S120 Single Hole Plier Punch 80gsm Black MDF wheel 25mm disc pkt 100 100 Pack of 5mm Hardwood Wooden Dowels - 60cm Long Elliott 36-Piece Medium Wooden Hardwood Clothes Pegs 5 x Richard Burbidge Decorative Wood Stripwood - Pine - 900 x 8 x 8mm Stanley Junior Hacksaw 0 15 218 Draper 14145 55 mm Clamp-On Hobby Bench Vice