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Viking Longship

From DT Online

Gokstad-ship-model


Description

Longships were long elegant craft used by The Vikings to cross the North Sea, first on raiding missions and later to explore and settle in Engand, Ireland, Iceland and beyond. They were a wooden construction with a shallow Draft which meant they could be rowed up shallow rivers as well as across the sea, powered by oars and their large square woollen sail. They could also land on beaches and were light enough to be carried when necessary and tipped upside down to use as a temporary shelter.


Making a Model Longship

Making models of historic building and objects is a good way to understand them and remember what has been learned - it is also good fun! A display model of a Viking Longship can be made using Card and Stripwood Materials.


Model Longship dimensions
Marking out the hull shape

The model described is based around a sheet of A3 Card and 8mm square Stripwood.

  • Start by designing the shape of the Hull and transfer on to A3 Card in Landscape orientation as shown (click to enlarge);
  • The Figure Head can be kept simple or used as a design activity in itself - the object is to create a 'Dragon Head profile;
  • Cut two out of Thick Card.


Assembling the hull
Viking Longship hull assembly
  • Construct a Deck Frame to separate the two Hull sides using 8mm square Stripwood and reinforce with Medium Card triangles;
  • Glue the two hull sides to the Deck Frame and leave to dry;
  • Pull the two ends together and temporarily hold with Masking Tape;
  • Lay the part-assembled Hull over a sheet of Medium Card rolling it as needed and trace round the shapes required to fill in between the Hull sides at each end;
  • The Medium Card shapes can simply be glued on to the Thick Card Hull sides by running a bead of glue round the inside of the join and tape in position until the glue dries;
  • Alternatively add Glue Tabs to the Medium Card shapes or first glue a length of Art Straw or Drinking Straw along the joining edge of the Hull sides to provide a joint surface.
Viking Longship with sail and shields


Completing the Longship
  • Add a Mast by 'stepping' a length of Dowel into a MDF or Ply Disc and glue to the Deck Frame;
  • Add a Main Spar by fixing a length of Dowel across the top of the Mast either by lashing with string and glue or by cutting two holes at right angles into a short length of PVC Tubing;
  • Make a Sail out of Thin Card, paint as required and glue along the Main Spar;
  • Design and paint Viking Shields on MDF, Ply or Card Discs and glue along the sides of the Hull;
  • Add Oars made by squashing the end of Art Straws or Drinking Straws.


DT Online Buyers' Guide
MDF wheel 32mm disc pkt 100 100 Pack of 5mm Hardwood Wooden Dowels - 60cm Long Elliott 36-Piece Medium Wooden Hardwood Clothes Pegs Natural Matchsticks (Pack of 2000) 100 Plain Wooden Standard Lolly Sticks Giant Lollipop Sticks Natural Wood (Pack of 100) Playbox 25mm Unpainted Round Wooden Beads (50 Pieces) 5 x Richard Burbidge Decorative Wood Stripwood - Pine - 900 x 8 x 8mm
MDF wheel 32mm disc pkt 100 100 Pack of 5mm Hardwood Wooden Dowels - 60cm Long Elliott 36-Piece Medium Wooden Hardwood Clothes Pegs Natural Matchsticks (Pack of 2000) 100 Plain Wooden Standard Lolly Sticks Giant Lollipop Sticks Natural Wood (Pack of 100) Playbox 25mm Unpainted Round Wooden Beads (50 Pieces) 5 x Richard Burbidge Decorative Wood Stripwood - Pine - 900 x 8 x 8mm